There is a growing body of evidence suggesting that securing land and resource rights for men and women has a positive impact on food security and broader development outcomes, such as household investment, agricultural productivity, women’s empowerment, nutrition, and more robust rental markets for farmland. The existing literature highlighting the positive impact of strengthened land…Read More
Land is the most critical economic resource for the vast majority of the rural poor who depend on agriculture for their livelihoods. In particular, women’s land rights are fundamental to rural development outcomes, as women’s ownership and control over land can affect what households produce and how the proceeds from agricultural production are allocated within…Read More
Artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) is a significant source of income for tens of millions of people in developing countries. ASM refers to small groups and individuals engaged in low-cost and laborintensive excavation of minerals using minimal mechanization.
USAID and its partners have invested over $140 million since 2014 to make the artisanal and small-scale mining sector more environmentally and socially responsible.
This brief outlines how energy infrastructure can be sustainably and responsibly facilitated by giving necessary attention to land tenure and property rights. It focuses on how to address land tenure and governance issues in connection with such projects to reduce risks, avoid potential harm, and provide benefits to local communities. The first section lays out the opportunities that energy infrastructure development can provide for economic growth and the risks that such development poses to those with legitimate land rights. The second section provides a short introduction to land tenure concepts, describes the most common ways that governments or private parties acquire land for energy infrastructure projects, and also discusses why secure tenure is important for all affected stakeholders. The third section focuses on the extent to which projects utilizing specific energy sources require land and the potential impact on local landholders and users. In the fourth section, the brief delves into the impacts of power projects on specific land tenure issues and vulnerable land users, and it sets forth some suggested best practices. The fifth section reviews risks and provides a summary of recommendations to reduce these risks.